淮南之窗 > 新闻 > 正文

精品推荐:奉天省造光绪元宝甲辰当制钱廿文

清代末期是一个银币、纸钞、铜币并行的年代,而至嘉庆年间才开始发行新式银元,直至光绪年间金、银币才较为广泛的铸行。据悉,两广总督张之洞曾于光绪十三年委托使英大臣在英国订购全套造币机器,并在广东钱局首铸机制银元和铜元。其后,各省纷纷仿效,购制国外机械铸造银、铜元,而光绪元宝就在这个时期应运而生。

In the late Qing Dynasty, silver coins, paper notes and copper coins coexisted. In the Jiaqing period, new silver coins were issued, and in the Guangxu period, gold and silver coins were widely used. It is reported that Zhang Zhidong, the governor of Guangdong and Guangdong provinces, commissioned the British minister to order a complete set of coin making machines in the UK in the 13th year of Guangxu reign, and made the first silver and copper coins in the Guangdong money Bureau. After that, the provinces followed suit and purchased foreign mechanical casting silver and copper coins, and Guangxu Yuanbao came into being in this period.

奉天省造币厂是目前我国历史最悠久的造币厂,主要生产流通银币、金银纪念币等。1896年(光绪二十二年),请政府根据盛京将军依克唐阿的奏请,批准设立并筹建奉天机器局以铸造机制银币,同年依克唐阿在今沈阳东关外、大东边门内,开工兴建了“奉天机器局”,于次年建成。创建之初,从天津的德国礼和洋行购进德国、美国制造的机器、锅炉,以蒸汽机为动力,亦有部分手工操作。1898年(光绪二十四年),奉天机器局开始制作一元、五角、二角、一角及半角的银币,同时在城乡市面上流通。该币以其生产工艺先进、成色固定、形制统一、重量一致、便于携带和计算简便等优点,一经问世,深受社会欢迎。

Fengtian Mint is the oldest Mint in China, mainly producing and circulating silver coins, gold and silver commemorative coins. In 1896 (the 22nd year of the reign of Emperor Guangxu), the government was asked to approve the establishment and preparation of Fengtian machinery bureau according to the request of general Yi ketang'a in Shengjing to forge machine-made silver coins. In the same year, yiketang'a started the construction of Fengtian Machinery Bureau outside the present Dongguan gate of Shenyang and was completed the following year. At the beginning of its establishment, German and American made machines and boilers were purchased from German Lihe foreign company in Tianjin. They were powered by steam engines and some were operated by hand. In 1898 (the 24th year of the reign of Emperor Guangxu), the Fengtian Machinery Bureau began to make silver coins of one yuan, fifty cents, two cents, one jiao and half width, which were circulated in the urban and rural markets at the same time. With the advantages of advanced production technology, fixed color, uniform shape, uniform weight, easy to carry and easy to calculate, the coin was welcomed by the society.

此“奉天省造光绪元宝甲辰当制钱廿文”一枚,此枚铜币正面中央为汉文“光绪元宝”,上环“奉天省造”四字,下环币值“当制钱廿文”五字,左右为“甲辰”二字代表发行年份。钱币背面为满清蟠龙图。上下环镌英文字样,左右两侧各镌一六花星。铜圆原料黄铜,色泽呈黄金色,币面清秀硬朗,铭文字体雕琢明晰。图画文字明晰、无磨损,外表平坦光洁,边缘无显着碰击痕迹,形制规整,虽经百余年却品相极佳。

There is a coin of 20 Wen for Jiachen of Guangxu Yuanbao made by Fengtian province. On the front and center of the coin is "Guangxu Yuanbao" in Chinese, the upper ring is "Fengtian province made" and the lower ring is "dangzhiqian 20 Wen". The two characters "Jiachen" represent the year of issue. On the back of the coin is the picture of a dragon in the Qing Dynasty. The upper and lower rings are engraved with English characters, and the left and right sides are engraved with 16 flower stars. Copper round raw material brass, color is gold, the coin face is beautiful and hard, the inscription font is clear. The characters of the pictures are clear, no wear and tear, the appearance is smooth and smooth, there is no obvious collision mark on the edge, and the shape is regular. Although it has been for more than 100 years, it is of excellent quality.

 

存世量的大小是决定古钱币价值最重要的因素,此外,钱币的品相也至关重要,在收藏领域,品相被称为“收藏品的生命”,可见,品相也是不可忽视的因素。清代以来经历了多场战争,珍稀的甲辰年奉天省造光绪元宝损失严重,至今,数量已经极其有限,是一币难求的稀缺品。为此,众多有收藏价值的藏品都纷涌而至,致使其市场价值不断上升,呈现出欣欣向荣之势态。

In addition, the appearance of coins is also very important. In the field of collection, the appearance is called "the life of the collection". It can be seen that the appearance is also a factor that can not be ignored. Since the Qing Dynasty, there have been many wars. In the year of Jiachen, the precious Guangxu yuan treasure made in Fengtian province has suffered serious losses. Up to now, the quantity has been extremely limited. For this reason, many valuable collections are pouring in, resulting in the rising market value, showing a thriving situation.